Using Particles to Make Your Speech Polite
When to say ¤ÃÑº krap or ¤èÐ/¤Ð ka
These words are used when speaking politely. There is no word to describe them so
we'll call them "particles". Men can also say ¤ÃÑº¼Á krap pom
instead of ¤ÃÑº krap. This is even more formal.
Some men say ¤ÃÑº¼Á all the time instead of just
Sometimes particles have other meanings, such as replying to a question in the affirmative:
[Kay] khun bai ha arai gin gan mai ka
[Kay] Let's have something to eat.
[Lyn] Yes, let's.
Men Can Use Both ¤èÐ ka and ¤ÃÑº krap
You might hear a man say ¤èÐ ka, this is
not weird, it's totally normal. Some ½ÃÑè§
farang men say ¤èÐ because they
have been taught Thai by a woman who either forgot to mention that only women say it
or because she thought it sounds cute.
¤èÐ ka sounds softer but should
be used with caution.
- Used when talking with women, ¤èÐ makes a sentence sound polite but it
could make the man sound smooth so there is a fine line between being polite and being
smooth, à¨éÒªÙé jaochoo.
- Used with young children. It's cute to talk to children with the right ending
for themselves, boys - ¤ÃÑº, girls - ¤èÐ
no matter who is talking to them; the use of ¤èÐ or
¤ÃÑº depends on the child we're talking to. It's a way of
teaching children to use ¤èÐ or ¤ÃÑº by
saying it to them and they can learn to repeat what you say.
- Male royal family members, even extended royal family, seem to use
¤èÐ instead of ¤ÃÑº. As we've never
met a real member of the royal family we may as well assume this is true for now.
Women Can Also Say ¤ÃÑº krap
- When talking with young men, usually someone younger than the woman.
A woman might say ¤ÃÑº to make the sentence sound more friendly.
- When talking with young children (see above).
¹Õè nee or
«ÐË¹èÍÂ sa noy
can also be used at the end of a sentence, similar to particles.
Other end particles can also be used, but some of them only with people who you
know well and some of them have quite a detailed meaning. We'll talk about those next.